APRIL 16, 2019

Mikhail Lebedev

Chief Research Scientist, National Research University Higher School of Economics

Mikhail Lebedev works in the fields of Neurophysiology and Brain-Computer Interfaces. He has more than 100 publications. He has a MS degree in Physics from Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (1986) and a PhD degree in Neurobiology from the University of Tennessee, Memphis. In 1986-1991, Lebedev conducted research on motor control in Victor Gurfinkel's laboratory at the Institute for Problems of Information Transmission. In 1991-1995, during his stay in Memphis, he investigated single-unit activity in the somatosesory cortex and basal ganglia of awake, behaving primates. In 1995-1995, Lebedev conducted research at SISSA, Trieste, Italy, where he examined plasticity in rat somatosensory cortex. In 1997-2002, Lebedev worked at NIMH, Bethesda, Maryland. He studied cortical mechanisms of memory, attention and motor preparation. Since 2002, Lebedev is at Duke University, Durham, North Carolina. He develops invasive brain-computer interfaces and that simultaneously decode brain activity and deliver sensory information to the brain using electrical stimulation of nervous tissue. In his studies conducted in nonhuman primates, he showed that the movements of prosthetic and virtual limbs can be controlled directly by the cortical activity recorded with multichannel implants. He also showed that artificial tactile sensations can be generated using electrical microstimulations delivered through the implants placed in the somatosensory cortex. Lebedev recently worked on the development of brain-computer interfaces for whole-body navigation in a motorized wheelchair. Lebedev is an editor at several scientific journals. He won Frontiers Spotlight Award and organized the conference on the augmentation of brain function that was held in Lausanne, Switzerland. In 2017, Lebedev won a megagrant from the Government of Russian Federation, which allowed to open the Center for Bioelectrical Interfaces at the Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience of the Higher School of Economics. As the Scientific Head of the Center, he supervises the development of bidirectional brain-computer interfaces based on electrocorticographic recordings in humans. Lebedev presented numerous lectures at the scientific meetings held in Russia and around the world; he collaborates with several laboratories in Russia.

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